Fruit Trees Planting Instructions
- Dig a hole about a foot wider than the diameter of the root ball. The hole must be wide enough to allow the root system to fit without roots wrapping around the edge of the hole in a circle. The hole should be deep enough to allow the tree to be planted with the graft union two to three inches above ground. This planting depth is critical for trees on dwarf or semi-dwarf rootstocks. If the tree is planted too deep and the graft union is below the soil line, the scion variety will form roots and the tree will become a standard-sized tree.
- Make a mound of soil a few inches high in the bottom of the hole with the soil you dug out. Pat the soil down.
- Carefully place your fruit tree into the hole, centered on the mound and spreading its roots. It is better to plant a little high than low since trees often settle.
- Fill the hole with clean topsoil, carefully covering over the roots. Pack the soil in by gently stamping it down with your feet. Water the tree with two to five gallons of water, poured slowly enough so that water doesn’t run off.
- All newly planted fruit trees benefit from being staked. This will result in a straighter tree with more growth. Staking is especially important for trees planted on a wind-blown site and for dwarf trees. Consider a strong permanent stake for dwarf fruit trees.
- Weeds compete with young trees for water and nutrients. A weed-free zone should be established at the base of the tree that extends out to form a circle with a diameter of two to three feet. Mulch, herbicide or cultivation may be used to prevent weeds.
When you receive your fruit trees please notice that they are dormant and NOT dead. After planting, trees can stay dormant for 3 to 4 weeks before showing signs of life. Use plenty of water to ensure your new tree has plenty of moisture. Fruit trees love space! So when deciding to plant multiple trees a good rule of thumb is to keep the spacing at 15 feet so they have plenty of room to expand. Fruit trees will do fine in partial shade, however, they love sun light and will produce the best in full sun.
Frequently asked Questions
Can I grow these in my area?
To find out if a plant will grow in you area you need to Google your hardiness zone and check that with hardiness zone for the plant. You can also look at the USDA or the Department of Agriculture in your area.
What is a bare root plant?
It is in a dormant state and is shipped with no soil.
I see mold on my bare roots, will it be ok?
Yes it will be ok. Just wash it off in some warm (not hot) water.
When to Plant:
Fruit trees may be planted in early spring, as soon as the frost in the ground has thawed.
Where to Plant:
Select a site with direct sunlight.
Weeds compete with young trees for water and nutrients. A weed-free zone should be established at the base of the tree that extends out to form a circle with a diameter of two to three feet. Mulch, herbicide or cultivation may be used to prevent weeds.